Christian WITTERN
Director of the Daozang jiyao Project Kyoto University, Institute for Research in Humanities, Center for Informatics in East Asian Studies

Higashiogura-cho 47, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8265 (Japan)

Tel.: +81-75-753-6966
Fax: +85-75-753-6999
E-mail: wittern(at)

Research Interests

Knowledgebase for Buddhist Studies
Textual History of the Chinese Buddhist Canon
Resources for Research on Tang Civilization
System for Markup and Retrieval of Texts (KanDoku)
Lexicographical Database of Chinese Characters


•Ph.D. Sinology, Göttingen University, 1996
•M.A. (Chinese Language and Literature), Hamburg University, 1991

Other Graduate Study
•Hangzhou University, Dept. Chinese Literature, 1987-89.


•Visiting scholar at the Institute of Information Science (Academia Sinica, Taipei), 1999-2001
•Associate Researcher with the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies (Taibei), 1998-2001  
•Visiting Researcher at Academia Sinica (Taipei), Feb.-March, 1997
•Research consultant with the “Chinese Scientific Termin-ology” Project (Göttingen University), 1996-98
•Member of the “Zen KnowledgeBase” Project at the International Research Institute for Zen Studies (Hanazono University, Kyoto), 1992-95


•Four-year Research Grant (JSPS ) Daozang jiyao Project, 2008-11
•Three-year Research Grant CCK Foundation Daozang jiyao Project , 2006-09
•Research fellow at Kyoto University, Institute of Buddhist Studies with a grant from DAAD (German academic exchange service) and Japanese Ministry of Education, 1992-94
•Scholarship at Hangzhou University (People's Republic of China) with a grant from DAAS, 1987-89

Selected Publications


Das 'Yulu' des Chan-Buddhismus. Die Entwicklung vom 8.-11. Jahrhundert am Beispiel des 28. Kapitels des Jingde chuandenglu (1004) [The Recorded Sayings of Chan Buddhism. The Development from the 8th to 11th Centuries on the Basis of Chapter 28 of the Jingde chuandenglu (1004)] (Schweizerische Asiatische Studien, Monographien Bd.31), Bern: Peter Lang, 1998. 


“Buddhist Studies in the Digital Age.” Chung-Hwa Journal of Buddhist Studies 13.2 (2000): 461-501.

“Non-system characters in XML documents.” Zenkoku bunken, jōhō senta— Jinbun shakai kagaku gakujū jōhō seminā-shirīzu [Seminar Series of the National Documentation and Information Centers in Humanities] 10 (2000): 35-50.

“Editing XML.” Fojiao tushuguan guanxun [Information Management for Buddhist Libraries] 24 (2001): 54-59.

“Some thoughts on the digitization of Kanji.” Zenkoku bunken, jōhō senta— Jinbun shakai kagaku gakujū jōhō seminā-shirīzu [Seminar Series of the National Documentation and Information Centers in Humanities] 11 (2001): 9-36.

“Charting of Unknown Territory: Application of Topic Maps to Chan-Buddhist Chronicles.”  Journal of Electronic Buddhist Texts 3 (Dec. 2001): 239~251.

“Style and Fashion in Early Song Chan Yulu.”  In Alfredo Cadonna and Ester Bianchi (eds.), Facets of Tibetan Religious Tradition and Contacts with Neighbouring Cultural Area, 127-151. Florence: Leo Olschki, 2002.

“Embedding Glyph Identifiers in XML Documents.” Journal of Japan Association for East Asian Text Processing 4 (2003): 74-79.

“The Chan School as Seen through Tang Knowledgebase.” In Tokio Takata Chūgoku shūkyō bunken kenkyū kokusai shinpojiumu hōkokusho [Proceedings of the International Symposium on Religions in Chinese Script: Perspectives for Textual Research], 371-388. Kyoto: Jinbun Kagaku Kenkyūjo, 2004 .

“The Text in the Age of Digital Reproduction,” In The Role of Buddhism in the 21st Century (Proceedings of the Fourth Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism), 389-414. Taipei, 2005.

“Digital Text, Meaning and the World: Preliminary consideration for a Knowledgebase of Oriental Studies.” Tō Ajia ni okeru girei to keibatsu hōkokusho, 41-58. Kyoto: Jinbun Kagaku Kenkyūjo, 2007.

“Pattern of Variation: The Textual sources of the Chinese Buddhist Canon as seen through the CBETA edition.” In C. Wittern and Shi Lishan, Essays on East Asian Religion and Culture. Festschrift in honour of Nishiwaki Tsuneki on the occasion of his 65th birthday, 209-232. Kyoto: Editorial committee for the Festschrift in honour of Nishiwaki Tsuneki, 2007.



© 2006  Daozang jiyao Project,  Updated August, 2015